Membranes play a crucial role in ensuring the optimum use and recovery of materials in manufacturing. In the process industries, they are required for efficient production and minimization of environmental impact. They are also essential for the efficient production of clean water, a significant global issue. Membrane Fabrication brings together experts from various disciplines who discuss current membrane fabrication methods and how they are used in the optimization of membrane applications. They present innovative ideas on the development of membrane science and technology with a view toward efficient application of membrane separation processes. Exploring fabrication processes for polymeric, inorganic, and composite membranes, the book details the effects of different fabrication conditions and how these conditions can be controlled to optimize membrane construction and the subsequent application of the membrane system. It examines the advantages and disadvantages of each type of membrane, including the malleable yet vulnerable polymeric membranes, the robust yet costly inorganic membranes, and composite membranes, constructed with a blend of inorganic and organic materials. Offering a comprehensive survey of a range of fabrication methods, the book is essential reading for those engaged in the R & D activities of the field, as well as those interested in the sustainable development of membranes for various applications. It is also an important resource for industrialists and others charged with developing and introducing membrane processes into production or waste management.
Engineering, for much of the twentieth century, was mainly about artifacts and inventions. Now, it's increasingly about complex systems. As the airplane taxis to the gate, you access the Internet and check email with your PDA, linking the communication and transportation systems. At home, you recharge your plug-in hybrid vehicle, linking transportation to the electricity grid. Today's large-scale, highly complex sociotechnical systems converge, interact, and depend on each other in ways engineers of old could barely have imagined. As scale, scope, and complexity increase, engineers consider technical and social issues together in a highly integrated way as they design flexible, adaptable, robust systems that can be easily modified and reconfigured to satisfy changing requirements and new technological opportunities.Engineering Systems offers a comprehensive examination of such systems and the associated emerging field of study. Through scholarly discussion, concrete examples, and history, the authors consider the engineer's changing role, new ways to model and analyze these systems, the impacts on engineering education, and the future challenges of meeting human needs through the technologically enabled systems of today and tomorrow.
The U.S. Army's chemical stockpile is aging and gradually deteriorating. Its elimination has public, political, and environmental ramifications. The U.S. Department of Defense has designated the Department of the Army as the executive agent responsible for the safe, timely, and effective elimination of the chemical stockpile. This book provides recommendations on the direction the Army should take in pursuing and completing its Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program.
Regarding the controversial and thought-provoking assessments in this handbook, many software professionals might disagree with the authors, but all will embrace the debate. Glass identifies many of the key problems hampering success in this field. Each fact is supported by insightful discussion and detailed references.
PROVEN STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESSFULLY MANAGING HIGH-TECH ENGINEERING PROJECTS Engineering Project Management for the Global High-Technology Industry describes how to effectively implement a wide array of project management tools and techniques and covers comprehensive details on the entire product development lifecycle. Technology management--from research to advanced development to adoption in new products--is explained with examples of organizational structure and required timelines. This practical guide discusses key topics such as creating a business plan, performing economic analysis, leveraging internal resources and the supply chain, planning project development, controlling projects, tracking progress, managing risk, and reporting to management. Skills essential to the successful project manager, including communication, leadership, and teamwork, are also addressed. Real-world case studies from top global technology companies illustrate the concepts presented in the book. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Project lifecycle and development of engineering project management tools and techniques Product stages and project management structures for developing them Project inception: benchmarking, IP, and voice of the customer (VoC) VoC case study Project justification and engineering economic analysis Make or buy: subcontracting and managing the supply chain Engineering project planning and execution Project phases, control, risk analysis, and team leadership Project monitoring and control case study Engineering project communications Engineering project and product costing Building and managing teams
This book, now in its second edition, continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to the principles of chemical engineering thermodynamics and also introduces the student to the application of principles to various practical areas. The book emphasizes the role of the fundamental principles of thermodynamics in the derivation of significant relationships between the various thermodynamic properties. The initial chapter provides an overview of the basic concepts and processes, and discusses the important units and dimensions involved. The ensuing chapters, in a logical presentation, thoroughly cover the first and second laws of thermodynamics, the heat effects, the thermodynamic properties and their relations, refrigeration and liquefaction processes, and the equilibria between phases and in chemical reactions. The book is suitably illustrated with a large number of visuals. In the second edition, new sections on Quasi-Static Process and Entropy Change in Reversible and Irreversible Processes are included. Besides, new Solved Model Question Paper and several new Multiple Choice Questions are also added that help develop the students’ ability and confidence in the application of the underlying concepts. Primarily intended for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and other related engineering disciplines such as polymer, petroleum and pharmaceutical engineering, the book will also be useful for the postgraduate students of the subject as well as professionals in the relevant fields.
The Leading Integrated Chemical Process Design Guide: Now with New Problems, New Projects, and More More than ever, effective design is the focal point of sound chemical engineering. Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Third Edition, presents design as a creative process that integrates both the big picture and the small details–and knows which to stress when, and why. Realistic from start to finish, this book moves readers beyond classroom exercises into open-ended, real-world process problem solving. The authors introduce integrated techniques for every facet of the discipline, from finance to operations, new plant design to existing process optimization. This fully updated Third Edition presents entirely new problems at the end of every chapter. It also adds extensive coverage of batch process design, including realistic examples of equipment sizing for batch sequencing; batch scheduling for multi-product plants; improving production via intermediate storage and parallel equipment; and new optimization techniques specifically for batch processes. Coverage includes Conceptualizing and analyzing chemical processes: flow diagrams, tracing, process conditions, and more Chemical process economics: analyzing capital and manufacturing costs, and predicting or assessing profitability Synthesizing and optimizing chemical processing: experience-based principles, BFD/PFD, simulations, and more Analyzing process performance via I/O models, performance curves, and other tools Process troubleshooting and “debottlenecking” Chemical engineering design and society: ethics, professionalism, health, safety, and new “green engineering” techniques Participating successfully in chemical engineering design teams Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Third Edition, draws on nearly 35 years of innovative chemical engineering instruction at West Virginia University. It includes suggested curricula for both single-semester and year-long design courses; case studies and design projects with practical applications; and appendixes with current equipment cost data and preliminary design information for eleven chemical processes–including seven brand new to this edition.