Elementary Chemical Reactor Analysis focuses on the processes, reactions, methodologies, and approaches involved in chemical reactor analysis, including stoichiometry, adiabatic reactors, external mass transfer, and thermochemistry. The publication first takes a look at stoichiometry and thermochemistry and chemical equilibrium. Topics include heat of formation and reaction, measurement of quantity and its change by reaction, concentration changes with a single reaction, rate of generation of heat by reaction, and equilibrium of simultaneous and heterogeneous reactions. The manuscript then offers information on reaction rates and the progress of reaction in time. Discussions focus on systems of first order reactions, concurrent reactions of low order, general irreversible reaction, variation of reaction rate with extent and temperature, and heterogeneous reaction rate expressions. The book examines the interaction of chemical and physical rate processes, continuous flow stirred tank reactor, and adiabatic reactors. Concerns include multistage adiabatic reactors, adiabatic stirred tank, stability and control of the steady state, mixing in the reactor, effective reaction rate expressions, and external mass transfer. The publication is a dependable reference for readers interested in chemical reactor analysis.
With 100 case studies added to the original text, this second edition encourages the reader to assess potential hazards of a process before designing the plant and provides a basis for the identification and evaluation of chemical reaction hazards. Ideal for practising chemists, engineers and students.
Software engineering lies at the heart of the computer revolution. Software is used in automobiles, airplanes, and many home appliances. As the boundaries between the telecommunications, entertainment, and computer industries continue to blur in multimedia and networking, the need for software will only increase, and software will become increasingly complex. Introduction to Software Engineering gives your students the fundamentals of this growing and rapidly changing field. The book highlights the goals of software engineering, namely to write programs that have all the following attributes: efficient, reliable, usable, modifiable, portable, testable, reusable, maintainable, compatible and correct. The nine chapters cover topics that include project management, defining requirements, software design, coding, testing and integration, delivery and installation, documentation, maintenance, and research issues. The author uses a hybrid approach, combining object-oriented technology and classical programming techniques to solve computing problems. He also places a strong emphasis on Internet technology and resources. A simple, but non-trivial, running example illustrates all stages of the software engineering process. In addition, where applicable, he covers the impact of Internet technology. Introduction to Software Engineering presents the basics of software engineering in a concise and direct format. With emphasis on Internet technology, software tools for programming, and hands-on learning, this book effectively prepares students to move from an educational situation towards applying their knowledge to the complex projects faced in the professional arena. Features
Volume six of the proceedings considers the application of chemical oxidation to environmental problems, particularly treating wastewater, groundwater, hazardous waste, and air. Among the 22 topics are the design of an advanced oxidation process for decolorizing reactive dye waste using Fenton's reagent, a comparison of chlorine and bromine for chemical oxidation and disinfection, chlorine dioxide for disinfecting secondary effluent, oxidizing secondary alcohols and sulfides by halamine polymers, the wet-air oxidation of phenolic compounds, and the catalyzed chemical oxidation of VOCs. Reproduced from typescripts, many double spaced. No index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Membranes play a crucial role in ensuring the optimum use and recovery of materials in manufacturing. In the process industries, they are required for efficient production and minimization of environmental impact. They are also essential for the efficient production of clean water, a significant global issue. Membrane Fabrication brings together experts from various disciplines who discuss current membrane fabrication methods and how they are used in the optimization of membrane applications. They present innovative ideas on the development of membrane science and technology with a view toward efficient application of membrane separation processes. Exploring fabrication processes for polymeric, inorganic, and composite membranes, the book details the effects of different fabrication conditions and how these conditions can be controlled to optimize membrane construction and the subsequent application of the membrane system. It examines the advantages and disadvantages of each type of membrane, including the malleable yet vulnerable polymeric membranes, the robust yet costly inorganic membranes, and composite membranes, constructed with a blend of inorganic and organic materials. Offering a comprehensive survey of a range of fabrication methods, the book is essential reading for those engaged in the R & D activities of the field, as well as those interested in the sustainable development of membranes for various applications. It is also an important resource for industrialists and others charged with developing and introducing membrane processes into production or waste management.
Engineering, for much of the twentieth century, was mainly about artifacts and inventions. Now, it's increasingly about complex systems. As the airplane taxis to the gate, you access the Internet and check email with your PDA, linking the communication and transportation systems. At home, you recharge your plug-in hybrid vehicle, linking transportation to the electricity grid. Today's large-scale, highly complex sociotechnical systems converge, interact, and depend on each other in ways engineers of old could barely have imagined. As scale, scope, and complexity increase, engineers consider technical and social issues together in a highly integrated way as they design flexible, adaptable, robust systems that can be easily modified and reconfigured to satisfy changing requirements and new technological opportunities.Engineering Systems offers a comprehensive examination of such systems and the associated emerging field of study. Through scholarly discussion, concrete examples, and history, the authors consider the engineer's changing role, new ways to model and analyze these systems, the impacts on engineering education, and the future challenges of meeting human needs through the technologically enabled systems of today and tomorrow.
The U.S. Army's chemical stockpile is aging and gradually deteriorating. Its elimination has public, political, and environmental ramifications. The U.S. Department of Defense has designated the Department of the Army as the executive agent responsible for the safe, timely, and effective elimination of the chemical stockpile. This book provides recommendations on the direction the Army should take in pursuing and completing its Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program.
Regarding the controversial and thought-provoking assessments in this handbook, many software professionals might disagree with the authors, but all will embrace the debate. Glass identifies many of the key problems hampering success in this field. Each fact is supported by insightful discussion and detailed references.