Basic Accounting: Service Business Study Guide is designed as a reference material in introductory accounting that can be used by readers, especially students, taking basic accounting for service business. Presentations and discussions of various accounting concepts and frameworks are simplified to provide the reader with an initial working knowledge on the different steps of the accounting cycle for a service business. Emphasis is given to various accounting concepts, at the same time, the development of the procedural accounting skills. Different basic accounting frameworks and forms are used to assist readers in understanding seemingly complex accounting subject matters. The authors would like to inform the users of this study guide that this was written for readers, especially students, who would want to read a quick guide for the rubrics of basic accounting for service business. Each unit is prefaced with learning objectives to serve as guide to readers. Discussion questions and problem exercises are not included in this reference material. This study guide can be effectively use together with a workbook which is available in the university where one of the authors is currently affiliated. This reference material is not intended to replace existing accounting textbooks written by famous authors whom we have respectfully cited and given credit in this guide. The user of this study guide will walk through the accounting process in a rational, concise and "easy to understand" manner. With the teacher's expert guidance, plus this study guide to learning the basics in accounting, the student will undoubtedly appreciate the fundamentals of accounting. Our desire is to open the eyes of students that studying basic accounting is both easy and rewarding.
This unique book is not written from a specific national perspective, but adopts an international approach throughout. It treats the topic of International Financial Accounting and Reporting as a subject in its own right and not as an alternative or an extension to the existing domestic regulatory framework.The book begins with an introduction to accounting and financial reporting, followed by a description of the development of international standards and the present structure, role and operations of the International Accounting Standards Board.While a major part of the book is devoted to a discussion on individual IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards), it also discusses income statements, balance sheets and cash flow statements. These financial statements are examined in the context of International Financial Reporting regulations and students are introduced to the main IFRS relating to those statements. Subsequent chapters examine individually, the more complex standards.A complimentary copy of the Instructor's Manual and the PowerPoint presentations of the text materials are available for all instructors who adopt this book as a course text. Please send your request to firstname.lastname@example.org.
CIMA Official Learning Systems are the only coursebooks recommended by CIMA. Written by a team of experts that include past and present CIMA examiners and markers, they contain everything you need to know. Each book maps to the syllabus chapter by chapter to help you learn effectively and reinforce learning with features including: - comprehensive coverage of the whole syllabus - step by step coverage directly linked to CIMA's Learning Outcomes - up to date examples and case studies - practice questions to test knowledge and understanding - integrated readings to increase understanding of key theories - colour used throughout to highlight key learning points * The Official Learning systems are the only study materials endorsed by CIMA * Key sections written by former examiners for the most accurate, up-to-date guidance towards exam success * Complete integrated package incorporating syllabus guidance, full text, recommended articles, revision guides and extensive question practice
Designed for students and managers who are approaching the subject from a non-finance background, Accounting for Non-Accountants guides readers through the maze of financial terms, theories and techniques surrounding business finance and accounting, doing so in a logical, meaningful and easy-to-follow style. Completely rewritten and updated for 2013, it includes information on the latest accounting standards and taxation issues, and is structured to provide in-depth understanding in three key areas: annual accounts (including profit and loss accounts, balance sheets, cash flow and reporting standards); management accounting (costing, cost-based pricing, marginal costing and budgetary controls); and financial management (including the cost of capital, working capital, takeovers, buy-outs, taxation and international transactions). Widely used as an introductory text for business and management students on a variety of courses, Accounting for Non-Accountants remains essential reading for anyone looking to gain a solid understanding of accounting principles and practice.
Updating the book since its last publication in 1985, this new edition of the landmark work on human resource accounting has been substantially revised to reflect the current state of the field through the late 1990s. The economies of many nations are increasingly dominated by knowledge- or information-based sectors driven by highly trained and specialized personnel. Whereas physical capital was of the utmost economic importance in the past, the distinctive feature of the emerging post-industrial economies is an increasing reliance on human and intellectual capital. The growing importance of human capital as a determinant of economic success at both the macroeconomic and microeconomic levels dictates that firms need to adjust to this new economic reality. Specifically, if human capital is a key determinant for organizational success, then investment in the training and development of employees to improve performance is a critical component of this success. This broad socioeconomic shift underscores a growing need for measuring and analyzing human capital when making managerial and financial decisions. Yet important human resource decisions involving hiring, training, compensation, productivity and other matters are often made in the absence of specific information about the different costs and benefits of these particular choices. Human resource accounting is a managerial tool that can be used to gain this valuable information by measuring the costs of recruiting, hiring, compensating and training employees. It can be used to evaluate employee training programs, increase productivity, and improve managerial decision-making regarding promotions, transfers, layoffs, replacement and turnover. Case studies illustrate, for example: How an insurance company evaluated a training program for claims adjusters and found that it would return two dollars for every one dollar spent. How a human resources accounting study revealed that an electronics firm's losses from employee turnover equalled one year's new income, and how the company initiated a program to reduce turnovers. The third edition presents the current state of the art of human resource accounting by (1) examining the concepts and methods of accounting for people as human resources; (2) explaining the present and potential uses of human resource accounting for human resource managers, line managers and investors; (3) describing the research, experiments and applications of human resource accounting in organizations; (4) considering the steps involved in developing a human resource accounting system; and (5) discussing some of the remaining aspects of human resource accounting that require further research.
This book deals comprehensively with the elements of cost accounting, their application to costing methods, and their significance for management through budgetary control, short term decision-making, and capital budgeting. It is an extensive revision of the author s well-known costing text, and provides the student with a complete introduction to cost accounting. Relevant exercises are included at the end of each chapter, with solutions at the end of the book. These include many from recent examinations of the major professional accountancy bodies. Teachers are thus able to use their own favourite examples in lecture or class, and to refer students to other exercises for further practice. Students who are unable to attend a regular course will be able to check their work against the solutions. A series of multiple choice questions throughout the book provides a further opportunity for the student to check personal progress. Other features of the book include: a complete introduction to cost accounting; new material on capital budgeting and cost accounting for service activities; an explanation of budgetary control including behavioural aspects; and graded questions and MCQs throughout (definitions follow CIMA terminology).
This collection of essays was commissioned for the fiftieth anniversary of the incorporation of accountants in Scotland, the country in which accountants were first chartered. It attempts to trace the origin and growth of the profession relating to accounts, auditing, and bookkeeping. Topics include ancient systems of accounting; early Italian accountants; accounting in Scotland, England, Ireland, Europe, the British colonies, and the United States; and the future of the profession. Edited by Richard Brown, contributors include John S. Mackay, Edward Boyd, J. Row Fogo, Joseph Patrick, and Alexander Sloan.